PATTERN FOR PATIALA SALWAR
This pattern sits just over the hip bones on a person with a 30" waist, 39" hip and inseam of 32".
This first diagram shows the major pieces and how they go together before being pleated into the waistband.
A) Is the main leg piece which ends in the cuff.
B) Is the part the part which gets pleated at the front, and covers the side back at the back
C) Is an optional piece, and is in essence an extension of piece B)
Diagram 2 shows the pieces as cut out flat.
A) Cut 2 @ 20x37.5
B) Cut 4 with long edge of 35.5, top of 24, and short edge of 13.5
C) Cut 4 with long edge of 13.5, top of 4.5, and short edge of 10 (this is the crotch depth measurement)
D) Cut 1 @ 44x7, and 1 of interfacing
You will also need a piece of elastic (1"-2" wide) cut to the appropriate length for the waistband, and 2 pieces of interfacing @ 1.5x20" for the cuffs
Diagram 3 shows how to cut the pieces for maximum fabric efficiency from 50" wide fabric, less the selvage (approximately 48" wide after removal). Dotted areas indicate unused pieces.
The legs (refer to Diagram 1):
**french seams can be used if desired**
1) Iron on the interfacing 0.5" up from the bottom of both A pieces
2) Create the cuff on one A piece by pressing the 0.5" at the bottom over the interfacing, then turn up again 1.5". Do decorative stitching over the cuff to hold it in place.
3) Sew the long edges of two B pieces to the long edges of A by aligning the tops of the pieces and stitching down.
4) Sew the long edges of two C pieces to the long edges of the two B pieces attached to piece C
5) Repeat steps 2-4 for the other leg.
6) Sew the two legs together at the 10" edges of pieces C.
7) Sew the inseam from cuff to cuff, following the angle of piece B over the end of piece A. Make sure the opening is large/small enough to fit over your foot but not fall off easily. Trim piece A to 0.5" from the seam.
Pleating and attaching to waistband:
8) Iron the interfacing to the waistband piece D.
9) Sew the short ends of D together to make a tube.
10) Press open the seam then press the waistband in half lengthwise.
11) Press down a 0.5" seam allowance on one long edge of the tube.
11) With right sides together, match the CF/CB points of the pants to the CB/CF points on the long edge of the waistband without the seam allowance crease.
12) Pin the back of the pants to the waistband from the CB to the side points (~11" from CB on both sides), keeping both pieces lying smoothly against each other.
13) You will now have a great deal of excess fabric between the side points and the CF. Make even knife pleats in the fabric between these two points, with the pleats opening towards the CF (ie. switch directions on the left and right sides) until it fits smoothly into the waistband. This will likely take you a few tries.
14) Stitch legs to waistband on one edge. I suggest doing two lines of stitches, 0.25" apart to help keep things flat.
15) Press the seam upward.
Inserting elastic and finishing:
16) Sew the elastic ends together.
17) Place elastic into the lengthwise crease of the waistband.
18) Fold down the waistband over the elastic, and pin in place.
19) Topstitch, shifting the elastic and eased material around to easily sew. Take your time, as the pleats make this seam very thick at points.
20) Put on pants and dance around with joy.
I'd love to see any makes from this pattern, so feel free to link to your pictures in the comments.